Root Canal Treatment
Endodontic therapy or root canal therapy, is a sequence of treatment that involves the removal of the pulp tissue (which consist of nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular elements) from its chamber and the root canals and the subsequent shaping, cleaning, and decontamination of the hollows with tiny files and irrigating solutions and the filling of the decontaminated canals with an inert filling such as gutta-percha and typically a eugenol-based cement.
- - In the situation that a tooth is considered so threatened (because of decay, cracking, etc.) that future infection is considered likely or inevitable
- - Darkening of the tooth when the patient meets with an accident/ trauma to anterior tooth
- - A long standing dental infection in the bone that erodes through the side of the bone and causes sudden, serious and painful swelling.
- - In case of severely worn out teeth, where crown is the required treatment. Before placing a crown in such a case, that tooth may need to be Root Canal Treatment.
After endodontic surgery the tooth will be "dead", and if an infection is spread at the apex, root end surgery is required, therefore it is very important to have regular X-rays taken of the root canal to ensure that the tooth is not having any problems that the patient is not aware of. However, if no infection at the apex, with the removal of nerves and blood supply from the tooth, (which is now brittle) it is best that the tooth be fitted (protected) with a crown that covers the cusps of the tooth otherwise, over the years, the tooth almost certainly fractures.